What does the term “recovery” mean for a young person diagnosed with a serious mental illness? This website is intended as a resource to help families support the recovery of their loved ones with mental health conditions. But is recovery a meaningful concept for someone diagnosed with schizophrenia?
For many people, schizophrenia and other serious mental health conditions entail a lifetime of treatment and management. Should we as family members, providers, and caregivers encourage people with such persistent mental health conditions to believe in the hope of recovery?
My answer is yes. But we must be careful to explain what we mean by this often used, but frequently misunderstood word “recovery.”
Yale Professor Larry Davidson, Director of the Program for Recovery & Community Health, describes the two senses in which the term recovery is used in mental health:
- Recovery from a mental illness – an end result of “showing no observable signs or symptoms of mental illness and no residual impairments from the disorder between 2 and 32 years after onset.”
- Being in recovery with a mental illness – a process of minimalizing the illness and its harmful effects while the person affected learns to “live with and manage an illness that may be with him or her for… the remainder of his or her life.”
Scientific studies have consistently shown that about one-quarter of those diagnosed with a serious mental illness such as schizophrenia will experience a complete remission of symptoms with no observable impairment and no continued need for treatment over the long term. These people can be said to have recovered from mental illness in the clinical sense of the term recovery.
However, the majority of people diagnosed with a serious mental illness will experience no such remission of symptoms and may search for ways of living with and managing their illness for the rest of their lives. Those who embrace this path of living positively with their illness are engaged in a process of being in recovery.
Larry Davidson’s description of recovery-oriented mental health care contains the important notion of people with serious mental illness “establishing, reestablishing, or reclaiming a meaningful life in the community in the presence of enduring disability.” When we speak of “resources to recover” on this website, we are using the word recovery in both of its senses:
- rapid short-term resources that are offered “just in time” to help people recover from mental illness
- and longer-term resources and supports for people living with persistent mental illness to engage in an ongoing process of recovery
At the outset, it may not be apparent which path to recovery you or your loved one has started on. But whichever path it is, the journey always begins with hope – the belief that recovery is real and that people can and do overcome the challenges of mental illness to have a better life.
Larry Davidson and his colleagues have written the standard text on recovery for mental health professionals, A Practical Guide to Recovery-Oriented Practice: Tools for Transforming Mental Health Care. This book is more of a blueprint for transforming mental health systems, than a step-by-step guide for families or mental health providers. I add it to the list of RtoR Recommended Reading because of the message of recovery and hope it brings not just to families and individuals, but across entire systems of mental health care.
To purchase the book, go here:
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